Attachment theory was developed in the 1950’s by John Bowlby (1907-1990), an English psychologist and psychoanalyst, who had an interest in child development that came out of his own experiences as a child of his time. Although the theory is well established in psychology, it’s only recently that we have begun to understand the far-reaching effects of adverse childhood events on adult functioning.
Attachment is the fundamental bond that develops between infants and caregivers. It is necessary for wellbeing throughout life. Some of the consequences of children not having the environment that would result in a secure attachment are:
· Low self-esteem and lack of confidence
· Lack of self-control
· Relationship difficulties
· Aggression and violence
· Lack of empathy, compassion and remorse
So, attachment is a profound and continuing bond that is created between the child and caregiver together, in a reciprocal relationship, in the first few years of life. The quality of the bond influences every area of experience as humans: mind, body, emotions, relationships and morals.
The purpose of attaching to a protective and loving caregiver is to provide security, safety and support. It is a basic mamma